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UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH JEMBER



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KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN NILAI GIZI PADA KELUARGA MISKIN DI KABUPATEN JEMBER

FOOD CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITIVE VALUE OF POOR FAMILIES IN JEMBER REGENCY

Jurnal from umj / 2012-03-28 18:19:28
Oleh : Teguh Hari Santosa, Fitriana Putri, Fakultas Pertanian (teguhharisantoso@yahoo.co.id)
Dibuat : 2012-03-28, dengan 1 file

Keyword : Konsumsi pangan, nilai gizi, kenaikan harga BBM, Food consumption, Nutritive value, the boom price of gasoline



Abstrak


Kenaikan harga BBM (bahan bakar minyak) yang diberlakukan sejak 1 Oktober 2005 jelas sangat membebani masyarakat yang sedang membebaskan diri dari belenggu kemiskinan. Tujuan utama penelitian ini adalah menganalisis : (1) konsumsi pangan pada keluarga miskin di Kabupaten Jember (baik di desa maupun di kota) di Kabupaten Jember akibat kenaikan harga BBM. (2) nilai gizi (energi dan protein) pada keluarga miskin di Kabupaten Jember (baik di desa maupun di kota) di Kabupaten Jember akibat kenaikan harga BBM. (3) perhatian pemerintah pada keluarga miskin akibat dari kenaikan harga BBM. Sampel diambil dengan cara proporsional random sampling, yakni dari 31 kecamatan di Kabupaten Jember dipilih 2 kecamatan (1 kecamatan di kota dan 1 kecamatan di desa) dengan kategori miskin yaitu : lantai rumah dari tanah liat dan dinding rumah dari bahan bambu. Selanjutnya dari masing-masing kecamatan dipilih 2 desa sampel dan dari masing-masing desa dipilih 15 sampel, sehingga total sampel sebanyak 120 responden. Penentuan subyek (responden) dilakukan dengan cara random. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa : (1) konsumsi pangan keluarga miskin di Kabupaten Jember setelah kenaikan harga BBM relatif tetap. (2) nilai gizi pada kedua kelompok tersebut ternyata kurang dari standar nasional. (3) perhatian Pemerintah Daerah Kabupaten Jember pada keluarga miskin akibat kenaikan haga BBM yaitu berupa bantuan langsung tunai (BLT), beras untuk orang miskin (raskin), dan konversi gas relatif cukup baik. Namun perhatian dalam bentuk jaminan kesehatan masyarakat dan sekolah gratis masih sangat kurang.


Deskripsi Alternatif :



Abstract


The boom price of gasoline issued by the Indonesian Government since October 1st 2005 was burdensome for the majority of families while they were trying to cope with the pressure of poverty. The main purpose of this research was to analyze: (1) food consumption of poor families in Jember regency after the boom price of gasoline, (2) nutritive value (energy and protein) of food consumed by poor families in Jember after the boom price of gasoline, (3) local governmentÂ’s attention to the poor families in Jember regency. The sampling method used was Proprtional Random Sampling, i.e. choosing 2 districts among 31 districts (representing inside and outside Jember city). The category of poor family was trhat the house floor was made from clay and the wall was made from bamboo. Frem each district 2 villages were taken as sample, and each village was represented by 15 respondents. The result of research showed: (1) food consumption of poor families was not influenced by the booming of gasoline price, it was relatively stable, (2) the nutritive value of those poor families was below national standard, (3) the attention of local government to the poor families was formulated in the activities such as Cash Direct Poor Relief (BLT), providing Rice for Poor Fanmelies (Raskin), and program of gas conversion. However local governmentÂ’s attention in the from of Social Welfare Assurance, and free educational access was vary poor.



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PropertiNilai Properti
ID Publisherumj
OrganisasiF
Nama KontakLutfi Ali Muharom
AlamatJl. Karimata 49
KotaJember
DaerahJawa Timur
NegaraIndonesia
Telepon0331323915
Fax-
E-mail Administratorlutfi.muharom@unmuhjember.ac.id
E-mail CKOhardian@unmuhjember.ac.id

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