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Formulasi Strategis Pengembangan dan Tingkat Daya Saing Agribisnis Kedelai di Kabupaten Jember

Strategic Formulation of Development and Competitiveness Level of Agribusiness Soybean in Jember Regency

Jurnal from umj / 2012-01-10 13:56:25
Oleh : Maspur dan Edy Sutiarso, Fakultas Pertanian
Dibuat : 2012-01-04, dengan 1 file

Keyword : internal condition, external condition, comparative advantage, competitive advatage, Jurnal, Agritrop


Aim this research is to compile strategic formulation of the development of soybean agribusiness in Jember Regency pursuant to internal and external conditions, and also to determine the policy alternative based on its competitiveness. Primary data used in this study are collected from soybean farmer’s sample. Disproportianed stratified multistage cluster sampling method is used in the selection of soybean farmers. SWOT analysis, Private Cost Ratio analysis and Domestic Resource Cost analysis are used as the methods in this research.

There are four conclusions as the results from the analysis. (1) The development of the soybean agribusiness should be strengthened on the internal conditions such as land availability, market opportunity, simple technology, job opportunity, raw material for agro industry, and existence of farmer group. But, low productivity, distribution of farm inputs, and farm inefficiently are the weakness of the development of that soybean agribusiness. (2) The external conditions that could be change to become into the opportunity of the development of that soybean agribusiness such as globalization of economic, demand is larger than supply, population growth, and the depreciation of the domestic exchange rate. But, its threats are lower price of import soybean than domestic one, the limited of farm input supply and highly its cost, highly risk and uncertainly of farming, and also politic stability and its security. (3) The strategic of the development of soybean agribusiness in that Regency can be stated as follows: (a) increasing production and productivity by improving technology using high yielding variety and proportional fertilizer so efficiently, optimizing the role of farmer group, introducing and developing a partnership pattern, (b) providing credit facility for the farmer to obtain working capital, (c) extension service followed by demonstration of farming for the farmer group, (d) limiting of import by quota and tariff, (e) research and development of soybean highly variety, and (f) increasing national stability. (4) The development of soybean agribusiness is feasible in that regency because it has comparative advantage and competitive advantage.

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